There are two types of tankless water boiler classifications. To discussing what are the advantages and disadvantages of a tankless water boiler we will only consider point of use and centrally installed tankless water boilers. Electric and gas types have differences between them, but the overall points remain the same. So, what is a point of use tankless water boiler and a centrally installed tankless water boiler.
A centrally installed tankless water boiler is meant to provide hot water for the entire house. Hence the water must travel through a series of pipes to reach the desired faucet. Point of use tankless water boilers are installed right under the appliance where water is being used. This way water is almost instantly heated.
What are the benefits of a tankless water boiler?
Tankless water boilers provide annual savings in energy bills. There is no storage of hot water therefore there is no risk of standby heat loss. Standby energy loss occurs when water is kept heated in a tank even when it is not being used. However, water slowly but surely cools down when in the tank, so the water boiler is required to work continuously to keep the water warm. The resulting heat loss is called standby heat loss. Since there is no tank to speak of tankless water boilers avoid this type of problem.
While tankless water boilers do not keep a fixed amount of hot water available, they can supply an unlimited amount of hot water since they are heating the water as it is being used. The only problem with this is that the specific tankless water boiler’s flow rate might not be sufficient to constantly provide hot water to multiple appliances.
As there is no tank to speak of there is much less space required to install a tankless water boiler. Many types of tankless water boilers can be installed in the building’s structure. However, this can make water boiler repairs and maintenance checks a bit of a bother.
Tankless water boilers are equipped with precise temperature control systems; therefore, you do not run the risk of scalding. This extra safety measure may take the pressure when going to take a shower and being worried about the water being too hot.
What are the disadvantages of a tankless water boiler?
In case of centrally installed tankless water boilers the water must travel to the designated faucet. Therefore, there will always be a start-up delay. This is generally not a problem with continuously running applications. However intermittently using a specific sink will result in flashes of hot and cold water since the water boiler goes on and off.
Tankless water boilers are generally used in conjunction with another water boiler type. However tankless water boilers are incompatible with many types of water boilers. For instance, passive hot water recirculation systems and even some renewable energy heat sources are incompatible.
Tankless water boilers have a minimum flow requirement before the boiler is activated. This means that there is a gap between the cold-water temperature and the coolest heated water that can be achieved with the water boiler.
Constant shower temperature is exceedingly difficult to obtain. The hot water temperature is inversely proportional to the water flow. This means that the faster the water flow the less time it must heat itself. Mixing cold and hot water to get a “just right” temperature can be annoying.
Tank-style water boilers are generally installed at a bigger height compared to the water outlets. This is because the property gets a specific water pressure and that cannot be changed. However, using gravity helps increase the flow of water. Tankless water boilers do not have this option.
Consider what are the pros and cons of tankless water boilers so you can easily compare them to other types of water boilers and find suitable energy efficient solutions for your home.